[engoo 회화] abbreviations and acronyms
abbreviation : An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word or phrase.
An abbreviation is a shortening by any method.
A contraction is an abbreviation, but an abbreviation is not necessarily a contraction.
1. Doctor / Dr 2. Professor / Prof.
connote : (어떤 의미를) 함축하다 / If a word or name connotes something, it makes you think of a particular idea or quality.
- The therm 'organization' often connotes a sense of neatness.
- neatness : 정돈됨, 깔끔함
contraction : 수축, 축소/ (단어의) 축약형
omit(omitting) : 빠뜨리다, 누락시키다; 생략하다 / (빠뜨리고) ... 하지 않다.
- If you are a student, you can omit questions 16-19.
- She omitted to mention that they were staying the night.
acronym : An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually leetters and sometimes syllables.
In English and most other languages, such abbreviations historically had limited use, but they became much more common in the 20th century.
*Pronounced as a word, containing only initial letters (GIF : Graphics Interchange Format)
*Pronounced as a word, containing non-initial letter(Interpol : International Criminal Police Organization)
*Pronounced as a word, containing a mixture of initial and non-initial letters(AIDS : acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)
*Pronounced as a word or as a string of letter, depending on speaker or context(FAQ : frequently asked question)
*Pronounced as a combination of spelling out and a word(CD-Rom : Compact Disc read-only memory)
syllabe : 음절
화학기호 : chemistry symbols